2,000-year-old Holy Thorn Tree of Glastonbury is cut down

Sad News:

Vandals have destroyed one of the most celebrated Christian pilgrimage sites in Britain and chopped down a tree said to have sprouted from the staff of Joseph of Arimathea 2,000 years ago.

The Holy Thorn Tree of Glastonbury, Somerset, is visited by thousands every year to pay homage and leave tokens of worship. Those visiting today were moved to tears on finding the
tree cut to a stump.

The sacred tree is unique in that it blossoms twice a year - at Christmas and Easter - and sprigs taken from the thorn are sent to The Queen each year for the festive table.

St. Laurence and the Holy Grail

Janice Bennett, St. Laurence and the Holy Grail (Ignatius Press, 2004).

From the description at GetFed.com:
Many scholars are convinced that The Holy Chalice of Valencia is the Holy Grail, celebrated in medieval legends as it was venerated by monks in the secluded Monastery of San Juan de la Peña, built into a rocky outcropping of the Spanish Pyrenees. The tradition of Aragón has always insisted that the flaming agate cup of the Holy Chalice was sent to Spain by St. Laurence, the glorious Spaniard martyred on a gridiron during the Valerian persecution in Rome in 258 AD.

Now there is new evidence: A sixth-century manuscript written in Latin by St. Donato, an Augustinian monk who founded a monastery in the area of Valencia, provides never-before-published details about Laurence, born in Valencia but destined for Italy, where he became treasurer and deacon of the Catholic Church under Pope Sixtus II. It explicitly mentions the details surrounding the transfer of the Holy Cup of the Last Supper to Spain.

Janice Bennett acquaints the reader with the enthralling story of the Holy Chalice, the renowned relic that embarked from the Last Supper on an amazing pilgrimage that providentially ended in the Cathedral of Valencia, a miraculous odyssey that has been characterized by danger, greed, martyrdom and fire. It is a fascinating and captivating account that will dispel forever the erroneous notion that the famous relic was ever lost. The mythical Quest for the Holy Grail is now over. Includes 20 pages of color illustrations.

The Holy Grail & The Grail-Kings

David Hughes presents a mish-mash of interesting information regarding the Holy Grail. It appears to be well-researched, but is confusing and sometimes repetitious in its presentation. For example, compare the first two paragraphs:

The Holy Grail, by Norma L. Goodrich (1992), informs us that Joseph of Arimathea is the first person mentioned in history to have possession of the object called "The Holy Grail", after its use by Jesus at the "Last Supper". The word "Grail" derives from the Latin "gradalis" that means "cup" or "chalice". The earliest reference to The Holy Grail is found in a book [now lost] called "The Holy Grail", which is mentioned in later writings, whose author probably wrote the book from materials found in about 200 apocryphal gospels written in the second-century. The Holy Grail was the cup or chalice that Jesus used at the "Last Supper" with which He instituted the "Eucharist", the sacrament and/or rite of the "bread and wine" (Lk. 22:20), to commemorate the sacrifice of His Body [the bread] and His Blood [the wine] as God’s "paschal-lamb" (Gen. 22:8; compare Jn. 1:29; Acts 8:32; 1 Pet. 1:19). The rite replaced the "Passover" among Christians, who regard the rite (Ex. 12:21) as an Old Testament proto-type of "...Christ, Our Passover..." (1 Cor. 5:7). The Levitical animal-sacrifices (Lev. 1-7) are among the Old Testament proto-types of the New Testament Sacrifice of Jesus. The Holy Grail supposedly contained some of Jesus' Holy Blood collected by Joseph of Arimathea, however, according to Christian doctrine, Jesus, having accomplished His Sacrifice, following His resurrection Easter Sunday, collected His spilled Holy Blood, which could not decay, and, acting, as it were, as the High-Priest fulfilling the "Day of Atonement" (Lev. 16), which New Testament doctrine interprets as an Old Testament proto-type, presented His Holy Blood in Heaven for the sins of the human-race (Heb. 9:12). The true Holy Grail which contains Jesus’ Holy Blood sits today upon the high-altar in the celestial temple in Heaven, while its terrestrial counterpart became a holy relic and symbol of Christianity [comparable to the ark-of-the-covenant as the symbol of Judaism].

The earliest reference to "The Holy Grail" is found in a fourth-century book [now lost] called "The Holy Grail", which is mentioned in later writings, whose author [supposedly the Roman Emperor Theodosius "The Great", or probably more likely by an un-named cleric in his court] wrote the book from materials found in about 200 apocryphal gospels that were written during the second-century. In the twentieth-century, Norma L. Goodrich cites some old records in her book, "The Holy Grail", that Joseph of Arimathea is the first person mentioned in classical literature to have possession of the object called "The Holy Grail", after its use by Jesus at the "Last Supper". The story of Joseph of Arimathea is given in the "Cronica sive Historia de Rebus Glastoniensibus" (1342), by John of Glastonbury, a medieval writer. The modern author, Reginald F. Treharne, uses "Cronica" as one of his sources in his book, "The Glastonbury Legends" (1975). Joseph of Arimathea appears in "Cronica" as a wealthy Jewish merchant who traveled all over the Roman Empire, and, according to legend, even did business in Britain. He is so called for a small town in the Judean hill-country, Arimathea [Ramallah], called a descendant of King David and of ancient Jewish royalty, and, was the Virgin Mary’s uncle. Her father Heli had two brothers, namely, Joseph, and Gjor. The son of Gjor, Simon, was Israel’s last king AD 69-70, executed by the Romans, AD 71/73. Joseph of Arimathea is called "uncle" by the "supposed" children of his niece, The Virgin Mary, mentioned in scripture (Mk 6:3), namely, "Saint" James, Jose[ph] "Ha-Rama-Theo", Simon, Jude "of Galilee", and their sisters, Miriam, Anne, and Salome [or Mary, Salome, and Anne]. Joseph of Arimathea, the Virgin Mary's uncle, as "kinsman-redeemer" (Lev 25:25), according to Jewish law, as Mary's nearest senior male relative, claimed her son's [Jesus'] body on her behalf, after His crucifixion, and, the Roman Governor, Pilate, gave Jesus’ mother, Mary, her son’s body. Nicodemus, a Pharisee, one of the members of the Sanhedrin, and, heretofore, a secret disciple of Jesus, came forward publicly at this time and helped Joseph of Arimathea to take down Jesus’ body from the cross. The two men at the bottom of the cross wrapped His body in a linen cloth, reputed to be "The Shroud of Turin", and laid His body in "the garden tomb" (so-called), which was a newly hewed-out un-used cave-tomb originally built by Joseph of Arimathea for himself and his wife. He was one of Jesus’ financial-backers, and gave his tomb for Jesus' temporary use. Joseph of Arimathea kept the relics of the Crucifixion, including the Holy Grail.

SOURCE: David Hughes, "The Holy Grail & The Grail-Kings," (2005). Retrieved 26 May 2009.
The first sentence of the first paragraph is essentially repeated in the second sentence of the second paragraph. The third sentence of the first paragraph is virtually identical to the first sentence of the second paragraph.

New World Order - Holy Grail

From the New World Order - The Movie website:
The Holy Grail is literally the cup from which Christ drank at the Last Supper, yet it has come to symbolize many things to many people. Most popularly the Grail legends of King Arthur give the cup the metaphorical power of fertility and healing. The Knights of the Round Table in seeking the cup remained on the path of Truth that led to the rejuvenation of the soul, and thus allowed for a Spiritual rebirth. . . .

The Grail is first heard of in tales of the Last Supper, which in the Gnostic tradition of the historical Christ was a ritual based upon the Tantric teachings of Tibet and India. These teachings are about the enjoyment of the wine that fills the Grail, and reach for the mystical answer to the always human question "Why do we drink of the cup?"

Meaning "Why do we live?"

Symbolically, the Quest for the Grail is the quest for the answer to this eternal question, which can only be found by following the true path and teachings of one's Destiny.

By materializing the cup as opposed to the contents, the pure bloodline fraternities are perhaps eating the menu, instead of the food.
SOURCE: Dr. Marisa Santeria and Dr. Simon Peel, "The Holy Grail," New World Order - The Movie (Retrieved 8 May 2009).


Anonymous illustration. "Parzival mit einem Begleiter vor der Gralsburg." (c. 1443).Courtesy Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.



Cod. Pal. germ. 339: Wolfram von Eschenbach, Parzival. Hagenau: Diebold Lauber, c. 1443.


Lachman, Karl, ed. 1926.


Wolfram von Eschenbach. Parzival with Titurel and The Love-lyrics. trans. Cyril Edwards. Boydell Press, 2004.
________. Parzival. trans. A.T.Hatto. Penguin, 1980.
________. Parzival, A Romance of the Middle Ages. trans. Helen M. Mustard and Charles E. Passage. Vintage Books, 1961.


A summary by Michael McGoodwin based on the 1961 Vintage edition is available at his website.